The 3rd Athens Biennale 2011 MONODROME was considered the final part of a trilogy which started with DESTROY ATHENS 2007 and continued with HEAVEN 2009. Drawing upon the life and work of Walter Benjamin and inspired by his book by the same title (One way Street, 1928), MONODROME was curated by Nicolas Bourriaud and X&Y (Xenia Kalpaktsoglou and Poka-Yio, co-founders of the Athens Biennale). It is a narrative broadcasting from historical venues in the centre of Athens and articulating an imaginary dialogue between The Little Prince and Walter Benjamin. As the intellectual retreats defeated in the face of the escalated distress, the Little Prince keeps questioning this condition with the disarming innocence and the plainspoken boldness of a child.

MONODROME was being realized despite the Crisis that affects Greece heavily. Produced in a state of emergency, and through the synergy of all participants and a large group of volunteers, MONODROME assembled the diverse pieces of an exploratory puzzle, addressing the “here and now”. At the same time the exhibition attempted to question historical narratives that have functioned as dictums of the Greek sociopolitical and aesthetic identity and resulted in the country’s perennial suspension between a ‘before’ (tradition) and an ‘after’ (modernization). Being usually perceived and promoted as an emblematic city, Athens today is the epicentre of the Greek upheaval, a place of massive demonstrations and public discussions.

MONODROME addressed and emphasized various structures (national, historical, political, cultural, educational etc.) as well as the notion of the “sociology of institutions”, primarily highlighted by the selection of the exhibition venues. The buildings that host the 3rd Athens Biennale take centre stage in MONODROME: Diplareios School at Plateia Theatrou is a seminal Arts & Crafts School that operated for the largest part of the 20th century. Located in a ghostly, degraded block in the heart of the city that had fallen into oblivion, the building is opening up to the public for the first time in its history. The 3rd Athens Biennale transformed Diplareios School into an international hub that hosts the largest part of the MONODROME exhibition, as well as a diverse programme of live events, performances, workshops and lectures creating rather than illustrating a political moment.

The exhibition continued in a complex of venues and museums at Eleftherias Park (Park of Liberty), including the Arts Centre and the Eleftherios Venizelos Museum, focal site of Modern Greek history. Artworks were put side by side with historical archives, documents artifacts and ‘ruins’, mapping Greece and the 3rd Athens Biennale as a derelict museum that transmits and resists the predetermined downfall. At a time when History is unfolding at accelerated pace, art cannot but defy the reproduction of teleological pronouncements and the One-Way-Street is questioning the lust for self-flagellation and catastrophology.

The 3rd Athens Biennale 2011 MONODROME was a collective discourse of artists, art groups, curators and theorists, reflecting on the complex relations between the global and the local, in an attempt to explore new modes of cultural action that open up dialogue and debate, comment on cultural production and revisit relations between (art) histories and subjectivities. It consisted of three intertwined modes: the MONODROME exhibition & projects, the MONODROME Debate, the MONODROME online Channel. Furthermore, a series of exhibitions and events organized by cultural institutions, museums and galleries in Athens were included in MONODROME Parallel Events.

The MONODROME Debate was an ongoing body of lectures, interviews, discussions and performative presentations that  took place at the auditorium of Diplareios School. Participants include: Charles Esche, Anna Dezeuze, Kostis Stafylakis & Thanos Lipovats, Antonis Liakos, Effie Gazi, Dimitra Labropoulou, Alexis Fragiadakis, Manuel Ramos, Makis Malafekas and others.

The MONODROME Channel was an online platform that was transmitting two parallel projects: The ongoing documentation of the MONODROME exhibitions and time based events (performances, lectures, workshops etc) and the MONODROME Debate programme.

Nicolas Bourriaud
Xenia Kalpaktsoglou

October 23 – December 11, 2011

Diplareios School, 3 Theatre Square
Arts Centre, Eleftherias Park
Eleftherios Venizelos Museum, Eleftherias Park

Bas Jan Ader, David Adler, Aristide Antonas, Archisearch, Badlands Unlimited presenting Phaedrus Pron by Paul Chan, Vassili Balatsos, Kostas Bassanos, Hans Op de Beeck, Filanthi Bogea, Pierre Bonnard, Yannis Bournias*, Andrea Bowers, Vlassis Caniaris, Freddie Carabott, Paul Chan, Pantelis Chandris*, Nikos Charalambidis*, Marcus Coates, Ida-Marie Corell, Cultural Center of Olympic Airways Employees’ (POLKEOA), Josef Dabernig, Daily Lazy, Mark Dion & Robert Williams, Documentation Team MONODROME, Jimmy Durham, Shannon Ebner, Sean Edwards, Elmgreen & Dragset, Matias Faldbakken, Floater, Robert Florey & Slavko Vorkapic, Dimitrios Galanis, Liam Gillick, Jean-Luc Godard & Anne-Marie Miéville, Katerina Gogou, Vangelis Gokas, Jens Haaning*, Theophilos Hatzimichael, Vasileios Hatzis, Imagine the City, Yota Ioannidou/Teresa Maria Diaz Nerio, Georgina Kakoudaki & 4Frontal, Stelios Karamanolis & Toula Ploumi*, Agni Katzouraki, Michalis Katzourakis, KAVECS (VanaKostayola – Kostis Stafylakis)*, Janice Kerbel, KERNEL (Pegy Zali, Petros Moris, Theodoros Giannakis)*, Jakob Kolding, Nikos Koundouros, Panayiotis Lambrou, Julien Langendorff, Oliver Laric, “Leaking” Intervention, Esther Lemi*, Lucas Lenglet, Norman Leto, Andreas Lolis, LuckyPDF, Tonis Lykouressis, Makis Malafekas, Caroline May, Vassilis Mazomenos, Metahaven, Tracey Moffat, “Neos Aristophanes”, Periodical circa 1889-1894, New Forms of Life, Yannis Oikonomides, Henrik Olesen, Orizontas Gegonoton, Jean Painlevé, Rallou Panagiotou*, Maria Papadimitriou*, Rena Papaspyrou*, Christos Papoulias, Vicky Pericleous, Paris Petridis, Phrixos, Angelo Plessas*, Julien Prévieux, The Public School in Athens, Józef Robakowski, Tom Sachs, San Francisco Actor’s Workshop / Herbert Blau, Lindsay Seers, Kostas Sfikas, Dionysis Sotovikis*, Spyros Staveris, Studio Karamanolis, Fiona Tan, Tank Tv, Yannis Theodoropoulos, Harald Thys & Jos de Gruyter, Jalal Toufic, Under Construction, Yorgos Vakirtzis, Ino Varvariti, Vangelis Vlahos*, We Never Closed*, Yelp Danceco., Uygur Yilmaz, Liu Zheng

*15 premieres / new productions


General Coordinator
Nicky Tsianti

Project Director
Anna Varoucha

Assistant Curators
Zoe Charaktinou
Eleanna Pontikaki

Curatorial Assistants
Eleni Bagaki
Alkisti Efthymiou
Manto Psarelli

Production Assistants
Marilena Batali
Alkistis Dimaki
Maria Tsouka

Production Team – “Carnival Pause”, Nikos Charalambidis
Iro Adrakta
Evangelia Pelentridou

Head of Communications
Despina Sevasti

Corporate Communications Officer
Marilena Batali

Media Sponsors Manager
Maria Tsouka

Press & Communication Assistants
Alkistis Dimaki
Alkisti Efthymiou
Αnnie Claire Geisinger
Dimitra Karmiri
Natalia Mavridou
Maria Passarivaki

Visual Identity Design
Athens Biennale
Thanasis Efthymiou
Sakis Stritsidis

Office Manager
Eftychia Perivolari


Venue Manager
Iason Kontovrakis

Reception / Information Desk
Marilena Batali
Alkistis Dimaki
Natalia Mavridou
Sofia Vlazaki

Guided Tours
Evangelia Athanasiadou
Eleni Bagaki
Anna Chalikia
Anna Chasanakou
Irene Christou
Alkisti Efthymiou
Maria Katsianou
Katia Krystalli
Natalia Mavridou
Anthia Mega-Chavre
Eliza Neofytou
Mina Paisiou
Sofia Vlazaki

Educational Material Desing
Eleni Zymaraki

Exhibition Signage
Marilena Synodinou

Cosmos Security

Clean Market Service

F&B Concert & Expo Catering


Audiovisual Installation
Giannis Malatantis

Orestis Kalatzis

Savvas Charalambidis

Transportation of Artworks
Nail 2 Nail
Move Art S.A.
Athanasios S. Bergeles

Installation of Artworks
Athanasios S. Bergeles
Move Art S.A.

Insurance of Artworks
Allrisk Insurance Brokers

Installation Assistants
Alkistis Dimaki
Stefani Kavda
Irene Tiniakou
Andreas Vembos
Sofia Vlazaki
Thanos Zarouhliotis


Documentation Coordinators
Yuli Kolovou
Maria Repoussi
Despina Sifniadou

Executive production
Yuli Kolovou

Maria Repoussi
Despina Sifniadou

Charis-Henric Boulougaris
Dimitris Christophoridis
Vangelis Fantopoulos
Yuli Kolovou
Maria Kontou
Maria Repousi
Despina Sifniadou

Vangelis Mpessis
Vasilis Karoutzos
Panos Kefalos
Stefanos Kotsios
Andreas Mariolas
Vlassis Skoulis

Sound Engineers
Makis Asimakopoulos
Giorgos Dalianos
Giorgos Solidakis
Giannis Tzavelas

Vasilis Gkouveris
Stella Kehagia
Markos Livadaros
Petros Radin
Maria Repoussi
Marigo Angelidou
Marilena Batali
Eleni Douloumi
Katerina Maggoni
Christina Vamvaka
Maria Vlavianou

Many thanks are owed to the Hellenic Cinema and Television School Stavrakos for providing the audiovisual equipment and for endorsing the MONODROME team.

Thanks also go to six d.o.g.s and bios for their hospitality.


Giorgos Zois

Director of Photography
Nikolas Pottakis
Camera Weisscam
Daniel Petsalidis

Montage / Mixage / Special Effects
Tolis Roussas

Sound Design
Giorgos Mikrogiannakis

Yianneis “The Sketch”
(N. Zades – L. Filippou)

Production Manager
Savvas Hatdjipavlidis

Post Production House

Top Cut
Pako Karababas
Amanda Livanou

Creative Team
The Syndicate
Nikos Koliyiannis
Stella Koureli
Nikos Pehlivanidis


Evelyn Nanou

Voice Over
Tania Palaiologou

Audio Engineer
Panagiotis Begiazis

Production Company
Basement productions

Volunteers’ Coordinator
Tonia Karelioti

Invigilators’ Coordinators
Dora Vassilakou
Pashalio Georgiadou
Nicole Dedoussi
Despina Drapanioti
Helen Zymaraki
Katia Krystalli
Anastasia Βelou
Fotini Papadopoulou
Anna Tzoganakou
Effie Filaretou

Volunteers’ Team
Maria Aggelidou
Nicole Alexopoulou
Maria Androulaki
Maria Araka
Evangelia Athanasiadou
Irene Bachlitzanaki
Iro Bala
Danai Balamani
Victor Balis
Paraskevas Bekiris
Anastasia Bellou
Sofoklis Binieris
Maria Bitrou
Mary Cox
Nicole Dedousi
Moira Douranou
Mimi Drakou
Maria Fertaki
Efi Filaretou
Maria Giouri
Peny Gkani
Anna Halikia
Anna Hasanakou
Christos Hatzigiannis
Irene Hristou
Katerina Iliaki
Nikoletta Ioannou
Irene Kabra
Konstantinos Kakokefalos
Ioannis Kalamiotis
Anastasia-Tesi Kanakari
Ritsa Karametou
Rania Karatzouni
Angeliki Karydi
Katerina-Athina Kassi
Kleio Katsourou
Stefani Kavda
Antzela Kiori
Angeliki Kolovou
Maria Kornaraki
Athina Kotsampa
Angelos Kougioumtzis
Maria Koumianou
Fragkiskos Kritikos
Katia Krystalli
Peny Lagoudaki
Lydia Lampropoulou
Giorgos Lazopoulos
Iris Malama
Vasilis Maris
Athina Markopoulou
Anthia Mega Chavre
Irene-Christina Micha
Sofia Mouseti
Danai Nastou
Eliza Neofytou
Mina Paisiou
Anatoli Panayiotidou
Eleni Panteli
Foteini Papadopoulou
Maria Papaioannou
Ntina Papavassiliou
Konstantina Pappa
Lydia-Ariadni Polykandrioti
Falia Psoma
Athina-Katerina Skliri
Tzortzina Stamogiannou
Christina Stamou
Elisavet Stamou
Athina Symeonidou
Sokratis Tsapaliaris
Sofia Tsimini
Despina Tzanou
Anna Tzoganakou
Faidra Vassiliadou
Christina Ventiri
Roxani-Glykeria Vlassi
Magdalini Vraila
Marita Vyrgioti
Maria-Ino Zacharopoulou
Adamantia Zotiadou


Installation views from the 3rd Athens Biennale 2011 MONODROME © Athens Biennale