The 3rd Athens Biennale 2011 MONODROME was considered the final part of a trilogy which started with DESTROY ATHENS 2007 and continued with HEAVEN 2009. Drawing upon the life and work of Walter Benjamin and inspired by his book by the same title (One way Street, 1928), MONODROME was curated by Nicolas Bourriaud and X&Y (Xenia Kalpaktsoglou and Poka-Yio, co-founders of the Athens Biennale). It is a narrative broadcasting from historical venues in the centre of Athens and articulating an imaginary dialogue between The Little Prince and Walter Benjamin. As the intellectual retreats defeated in the face of the escalated distress, the Little Prince keeps questioning this condition with the disarming innocence and the plainspoken boldness of a child.

MONODROME was being realized despite the Crisis that affects Greece heavily. Produced in a state of emergency, and through the synergy of all participants and a large group of volunteers, MONODROME assembled the diverse pieces of an exploratory puzzle, addressing the “here and now”. At the same time the exhibition attempted to question historical narratives that have functioned as dictums of the Greek sociopolitical and aesthetic identity and resulted in the country’s perennial suspension between a ‘before’ (tradition) and an ‘after’ (modernization). Being usually perceived and promoted as an emblematic city, Athens today is the epicentre of the Greek upheaval, a place of massive demonstrations and public discussions.

MONODROME addressed and emphasized various structures (national, historical, political, cultural, educational etc.) as well as the notion of the “sociology of institutions”, primarily highlighted by the selection of the exhibition venues. The buildings that host the 3rd Athens Biennale take centre stage in MONODROME: Diplareios School at Plateia Theatrou is a seminal Arts & Crafts School that operated for the largest part of the 20th century. Located in a ghostly, degraded block in the heart of the city that had fallen into oblivion, the building is opening up to the public for the first time in its history. The 3rd Athens Biennale transformed Diplareios School into an international hub that hosts the largest part of the MONODROME exhibition, as well as a diverse programme of live events, performances, workshops and lectures creating rather than illustrating a political moment.

The exhibition continued in a complex of venues and museums at Eleftherias Park (Park of Liberty), including the Arts Centre and the Eleftherios Venizelos Museum, focal site of Modern Greek history. Artworks were put side by side with historical archives, documents artifacts and ‘ruins’, mapping Greece and the 3rd Athens Biennale as a derelict museum that transmits and resists the predetermined downfall. At a time when History is unfolding at accelerated pace, art cannot but defy the reproduction of teleological pronouncements and the One-Way-Street is questioning the lust for self-flagellation and catastrophology.

The 3rd Athens Biennale 2011 MONODROME was a collective discourse of artists, art groups, curators and theorists, reflecting on the complex relations between the global and the local, in an attempt to explore new modes of cultural action that open up dialogue and debate, comment on cultural production and revisit relations between (art) histories and subjectivities. It consisted of three intertwined modes: the MONODROME exhibition & projects, the MONODROME Debate, the MONODROME online Channel. Furthermore, a series of exhibitions and events organized by cultural institutions, museums and galleries in Athens were included in MONODROME Parallel Events.

The MONODROME Debate was an ongoing body of lectures, interviews, discussions and performative presentations that  took place at the auditorium of Diplareios School. Participants include: Charles Esche, Anna Dezeuze, Kostis Stafylakis & Thanos Lipovats, Antonis Liakos, Effie Gazi, Dimitra Labropoulou, Alexis Fragiadakis, Manuel Ramos, Makis Malafekas and others.

The MONODROME Channel was an online platform that was transmitting two parallel projects: The ongoing documentation of the MONODROME exhibitions and time based events (performances, lectures, workshops etc) and the MONODROME Debate programme.


October 23 – December 11, 2011


Diplareios School
Arts Centre
Eleftheriou Venizelou Museum



Bas Jan Ader, David Adler, Aristide Antonas, Archisearch, Badlands Unlimited presenting Phaedrus Pron by Paul Chan, Vassili Balatsos, Kostas Bassanos, Hans Op de Beeck, Filanthi Bogea, Pierre Bonnard, Yannis Bournias*, Andrea Bowers, Vlassis Caniaris, Freddie Carabott, Paul Chan, Pantelis Chandris*, Nikos Charalambidis*, Marcus Coates, Ida-Marie Corell, Cultural Center of Olympic Airways Employees’ (POLKEOA), Josef Dabernig, Daily Lazy, Mark Dion & Robert Williams, Documentation Team MONODROME, Jimmy Durham, Shannon Ebner, Sean Edwards, Elmgreen & Dragset, Matias Faldbakken, Floater, Robert Florey & Slavko Vorkapic, Dimitrios Galanis, Liam Gillick, Jean-Luc Godard & Anne-Marie Miéville, Katerina Gogou, Vangelis Gokas, Jens Haaning*, Theophilos Hatzimichael, Vasileios Hatzis, Imagine the City, Yota Ioannidou/Teresa Maria Diaz Nerio, Georgina Kakoudaki & 4Frontal, Stelios Karamanolis & Toula Ploumi*, Agni Katzouraki, Michalis Katzourakis, KAVECS (VanaKostayola – Kostis Stafylakis)*, Janice Kerbel, KERNEL (Pegy Zali, Petros Moris, Theodoros Giannakis)*, Jakob Kolding, Nikos Koundouros, Panayiotis Lambrou, Julien Langendorff, Oliver Laric, “Leaking” Intervention, Esther Lemi*, Lucas Lenglet, Norman Leto, Andreas Lolis, LuckyPDF, Tonis Lykouressis, Makis Malafekas, Caroline May, Vassilis Mazomenos, Metahaven, Tracey Moffat, “Neos Aristophanes”, Periodical circa 1889-1894, New Forms of Life, Yannis Oikonomides, Henrik Olesen, Orizontas Gegonoton, Jean Painlevé, Rallou Panagiotou*, Maria Papadimitriou*, Rena Papaspyrou*, Christos Papoulias, Vicky Pericleous, Paris Petridis, Phrixos, Angelo Plessas*, Julien Prévieux, The Public School in Athens, Józef Robakowski, Tom Sachs, San Francisco Actor’s Workshop / Herbert Blau, Lindsay Seers, Kostas Sfikas, Dionysis Sotovikis*, Spyros Staveris, Studio Karamanolis, Fiona Tan, Tank Tv, Yannis Theodoropoulos, Harald Thys & Jos de Gruyter, Jalal Toufic, Under Construction, Yorgos Vakirtzis, Ino Varvariti, Vangelis Vlahos*, We Never Closed*, Yelp Danceco., Uygur Yilmaz, Liu Zheng

*15 premieres / new productions


Nicolas Bourriaud
Xenia Kalpaktsoglou


General Coordinator

Nicky Tsianti

Project Director

Anna Varoucha

Assistant Curators

Zoe Charaktinou

Eleanna Pontikaki

Curatorial Assistants

Eleni Bagaki

Alkisti Efthymiou

Manto Psarelli

Production Assistants

Marilena Batali

Alkistis Dimaki

Maria Tsouka

Production Team – “Carnival Pause”, Nikos Charalambidis

Iro Adrakta

Evangelia Pelentridou


Venue Manager

Iason Kontovrakis

Reception / Information Desk

Marilena Batali

Alkistis Dimaki

Natalia Mavridou

Sofia Vlazaki

Guided Tours

Evangelia Athanasiadou

Eleni Bagaki

Anna Chalikia

Anna Chasanakou

Irene Christou

Alkisti Efthymiou

Maria Katsianou

Katia Krystalli

Natalia Mavridou

Anthia Mega-Chavre

Eliza Neofytou

Mina Paisiou

Sofia Vlazaki

Educational Material Desing

Eleni Zymaraki

Exhibition Signage

Marilena Synodinou


Cosmos Security


Clean Market Service




F&B Concert & Expo Catering


Audiovisual Installation

Giannis Malatantis


Orestis Kalatzis


Savvas Charalambidis

Transportation of Artworks

Nail 2 Nail

Move Art S.A.

Athanasios S. Bergeles

Installation of Artworks

Athanasios S. Bergeles

Move Art S.A.

Insurance of Artworks


Allrisk Insurance Brokers

Installation Assistants

Alkistis Dimaki

Stefani Kavda

Irene Tiniakou

Andreas Vembos

Sofia Vlazaki

Thanos Zarouhliotis


Documentation Coordinators

Yuli Kolovou

Maria Repoussi

Despina Sifniadou

Executive production

Yuli Kolovou


Maria Repoussi

Despina Sifniadou


Charis-Henric Boulougaris

Dimitris Christophoridis

Vangelis Fantopoulos

Yuli Kolovou

Maria Kontou

Maria Repousi

Despina Sifniadou


Vangelis Mpessis

Vasilis Karoutzos

Panos Kefalos

Stefanos Kotsios

Andreas Mariolas

Vlassis Skoulis

Sound Engineers

Makis Asimakopoulos

Giorgos Dalianos

Giorgos Solidakis

Giannis Tzavelas


Vasilis Gkouveris

Stella Kehagia

Markos Livadaros

Petros Radin

Maria Repoussi


Marigo Angelidou

Marilena Batali

Eleni Douloumi

Katerina Maggoni

Christina Vamvaka

Maria Vlavianou

Many thanks are owed to the Hellenic Cinema and Television School Stavrakos for providing the audiovisual equipment and for endorsing the MONODROME team.

Thanks also go to six d.o.g.s and bios for their hospitality.


Volunteers’ Coordinator

Tonia Karelioti

Invigilators’ Coordinators

Dora Vassilakou

Pashalio Georgiadou

Nicole Dedoussi

Despina Drapanioti

Helen Zymaraki

Katia Krystalli

Anastasia Βelou

Fotini Papadopoulou

Anna Tzoganakou

Effie Filaretou

Volunteers’ Team

Maria Aggelidou

Nicole Alexopoulou

Maria Androulaki

Maria Araka

Evangelia Athanasiadou

Irene Bachlitzanaki

Iro Bala

Danai Balamani

Victor Balis

Paraskevas Bekiris

Anastasia Bellou

Sofoklis Binieris

Maria Bitrou

Mary Cox

Nicole Dedousi

Moira Douranou

Mimi Drakou

Maria Fertaki

Efi Filaretou

Maria Giouri

Peny Gkani

Anna Halikia

Anna Hasanakou

Christos Hatzigiannis

Irene Hristou

Katerina Iliaki

Nikoletta Ioannou

Irene Kabra

Konstantinos Kakokefalos

Ioannis Kalamiotis

Anastasia-Tesi Kanakari

Ritsa Karametou

Rania Karatzouni

Angeliki Karydi

Katerina-Athina Kassi

Kleio Katsourou

Stefani Kavda

Antzela Kiori

Angeliki Kolovou

Maria Kornaraki

Athina Kotsampa

Angelos Kougioumtzis

Maria Koumianou

Fragkiskos Kritikos

Katia Krystalli

Peny Lagoudaki

Lydia Lampropoulou

Giorgos Lazopoulos

Iris Malama

Vasilis Maris

Athina Markopoulou

Anthia Mega Chavre

Irene-Christina Micha

Sofia Mouseti

Danai Nastou

Eliza Neofytou

Mina Paisiou

Anatoli Panayiotidou

Eleni Panteli

Foteini Papadopoulou

Maria Papaioannou

Ntina Papavassiliou

Konstantina Pappa

Lydia-Ariadni Polykandrioti

Falia Psoma

Athina-Katerina Skliri

Tzortzina Stamogiannou

Christina Stamou

Elisavet Stamou

Athina Symeonidou

Sokratis Tsapaliaris

Sofia Tsimini

Despina Tzanou

Anna Tzoganakou

Faidra Vassiliadou

Christina Ventiri

Roxani-Glykeria Vlassi

Magdalini Vraila

Marita Vyrgioti

Maria-Ino Zacharopoulou

Adamantia Zotiadou

Head of Communications

Despina Sevasti

Corporate Communications Officer

Marilena Batali

Media Sponsors Manager

Maria Tsouka

Press & Communication Assistants

Alkistis Dimaki

Alkisti Efthymiou

Αnnie Claire Geisinger

Dimitra Karmiri

Natalia Mavridou

Maria Passarivaki

Visual Identity Design

Athens Biennale

Thanasis Efthymiou

Sakis Stritsidis

Office Manager

Eftychia Perivolari



Giorgos Zois

Director of Photography

Nikolas Pottakis

Camera Weisscam

Daniel Petsalidis

Montage / Mixage / Special Effects

Tolis Roussas

Sound Design

Giorgos Mikrogiannakis


Yianneis “The Sketch”

(N. Zades – L. Filippou)

Production Manager

Savvas Hatdjipavlidis

Post Production House



Top Cut

Pako Karababas

Amanda Livanou

Creative Team

The Syndicate

Nikos Koliyiannis

Stella Koureli

Nikos Pehlivanidis



Evelyn Nanou

Voice Over

Tania Palaiologou

Audio Engineer

Panagiotis Begiazis

Production Company

Basement productions